Introduction DSM-III and DSM-IV have been praised for making a seminal contribution to patient care and to the scientific study of psychiatric disorders by providing rigorous and reliable diagnostic criteria for conditions such as major depressive disorder and social phobia. This issue is relevant not only to deciding whether or not a disorder should be in the nosology, but whether or not the criteria for a particular disorder are optimal for defining the threshold for caseness. As part of the process of developing DSM-V, researchers have explored again the concept of mental disorder and emphasized the need for additional work in this area Rounsaville et al.
The disorder is highly variable and is now described in terms of a spectrum rather than a set of discrete categories.
For example, Asperger's, once classified separately, is now considered by many experts to be a form of high-functioning autism. Males are 4 times more likely to be autistic than females.
Ritalin, a stimulant, is well known as being a common drug used to treat ADHD, particularly in children. It is not connected in any way with intelligence.
Although usually associated with uncontrollable swearing, this form of the disorder known as Coprolalia is actually quite rare. B - Psychotic Disorders It should not be confused with multiple personality disorder now called dissociative identity disorderdescribed below. C, D - Mood Disorders It is often noted that there is a significant association between bipolar disorder and creativity D02 Clinical Depression Also known as Major Depressive Disorder or Unipolar Depression, this type of recurrent depression is characterized by an all-encompassing low mood, diminished self-esteem, and a loss of interest in normally enjoyable activities.
Often misunderstood as being something that individuals should be able to overcome by will-power alone, major depression often requires antidepressant medication such as an SSRI Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor.
Individuals with panic disorder have recurring panic attacks and often the fear of the attacks themselves become the focus of their anxiety.
Panic Disorder often occurs together with Agoraphobia E02the fear of public places. Common phobias include a fear of insects, dogs, boats, needles, airplanes, elevators, etc. Social Anxiety Disorder E04 is a special type of phobia in which the individual has an extreme fear of social interaction.
E05 Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder often shortened to GAD is characterized by disproportionate worry about everyday things such as money, health, or relationships that is ongoing and uncontrollable. It is often expressed in the form of headaches, fidgeting, nausea, irritability, fatigue, or insomnia.
Common compulsions include excessive handwashing, repeated checking, nervous rituals, or extreme hoarding. Unlike those with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder OCPDindividuals with OCD often recognize that their obsessions are irrational and therefore experience greater anxiety and feelings of helplessness.
Symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares and hypervigilance.DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition), published in was the last major revision of the DSM.
It was the culmination of a six-year effort that involved over individuals and numerous professional organizations. DSM IV PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS DSM IV is the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
It is also known as DSM-IV-TR. It is a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that includes all currently recognized mental health disorders.
DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition), published in was the last major revision of the DSM.
It was the culmination of a six-year effort that involved over individuals and numerous professional organizations. DSM-IV notes that mental disorders are associated with distress, disability, or a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom.
It also gives an example of distress and defines disability as impairment in one or more important areas of functioning. DSM-IV-TR and DSM -5 Psychological Factors Affecting Other Medical Conditions and Factitious Disorder Adjustment Disorder DSM-IV (paraphrased) A.
Symptoms in response to an identifiable stressor in 3 month B. Either distress that is out of proportion or functional. The American Psychiatric Association is in the middle of a historical revision to its diagnostic "Bible", the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (or DSM).
This book is used by.