Freuds essay of three caskets

At the beginning are two scenes from Shakespearein which the number three plays an essential role:

Freuds essay of three caskets

Freud, "The Theme of the Three Caskets" Freud seeks to explain the presence of a peculiar motif that he finds prominently present in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice: The situation in which Bassanio is forced to choose between three caskets to win Portia as his bride.

He wants to understand what lies behind this situation of a choice among three things or women. He turns at crucial places in his argument to ideas drawn from psychoanalysis. This motif must be indicative of some universal human problem; it must be an archetypal representation of something that lies deep within the human collective psyche.

Hence if we can understand it, we can understand something about this shared psyche. This is of great significance for Freud, since it provides a "source" or "data base" of material that goes beyond individual pathologies neurosis and private, intimate material such as dreams.

Literature as the expression of shared wish-fulfillments. Freud notes the variation on this theme in 2 works by Shakespeare, one a comedy Merchantand one a tragedy King Lear: What lies behind their structural similarity?

What is significant about this choice among 3 women? What do they, and what does this choice represent from a psychological point of view?

How is Freud's argument structured? Freud turns to a critic who interprets this scene in the context of an astral myth. Among other things, Freud wants to re-orient the choice toward the chosen object. Because the implication of interpreting this scene in the context of an astral paradigm is that myth is of divine origin.

He objects to this and seeks to show that myths like dreams are of a human origin: The universality of myth reflects the universality of the human psychic constitution.

Freud proposes approaching this human context by applying insights derived from the practices of psychoanalysis. Throughout this essay he will apply psychoanalytic procedures at three crucial junctures. At every apparent interpretive dead-end, the importing of a solution derived from psychoanalytic practice provides a resolution.

Leading up to this first application Freud examines the reversal of gender roles Shakespeare undertakes with regard to his sources.

Freuds essay of three caskets

Gesta Romanorum, Shakespeare's source: But Freud appeals to dream interpretation here and asserts that in dreams caskets, boxes, baskets, cases, etc. Myth follows the logic of the dream, it is another product of the human psyche.

We see here how Freud intends to approach the human element in myths. Elder daughters Goneril and Regan flatter their father to prove their love and receive part of his kingdom in return; Cordelia, younger, genuinely good and loving daughter, refuses to flatter and is disowned.

Lear's choice leads to his ruin and general decline. Lear presents a kind of counter-example, representing the false, wrong choice. Paris needs to choose the most beautiful from among 3 goddesses; his choice falls upon the third, Aphrodite, the goddess of love.

This prefigures Freud's later conclusion that this motif is, on the surface, about the choice of love. In this fairy tale the youngest daughter, who is constantly punished at home, is the one of three who is preferred by the Prince.

In this myth, Psyche, like Cinderella, is the youngest of 3 sisters of a king. Because her beauty attracts the attention of all humans, the goddess Venus becomes jealous and decides to punish her. But Cupid, Venus's son, falls in love with Psyche and ultimately rescues her.

The fact that in Lear these women are daughters instead of brides is relevant only to Lear's advanced age. What do the chosen women have in common besides beauty, love, etc.? He demonstrates this on the example of the dream of a patient in which a friend who is portrayed as mute turns out to have died.

Freud defends this connection with evidence from fairy tales, "The Twelve Brothers" and "The Six Swans"; in both these stories a sister's muteness is symbolic of her death, a death that brings her brothers back to life. In rhetoric, this type of substitution of a trait for the bearer of that trait is known as synecdoche, where the part comes to stand for the whole.The trial of the three caskets, devised by Portia’s late father, does more than just ‘test the quality, ability and performance’ of each of Portia’s suitors (which is clearly the test’s original purpose); the trial also affected all of the suitors who took the Sigmund Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development Essay; Sigmund Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development Essay.

Words 7 Pages. Show More. Hence, these three components of the personality structure are functions of the mind rather than parts of the The Monkeys Paw And Freuds Three Caskets Theme (Sigmund Freuds Essay The Theme Of The Three Caskets) (Critical Essay) Dr.

Johns Healing Psoriasis Cookbook; Nurse-Pediatric Emergency CPEN; Kindlebooks Result for The MIDI Manual: The MIDI Manual By David Miles Huber - Free Essay: Freud’s Structure of the Mind At the age of 40 in , Sigmund Freud introduced the world to a new term- psychoanalysis (Gay 1).

Freuds essay of three caskets

Psychoanalysis. Freud continued to refine his argument and in , after a serious period of self-analysis, he published The Interpretation of dreams, and then in he published another book titled The Psychopathology of Everyday Life.

In , he published Three Essays on the Theory of  · According to her father's will, the man who selects the right casket will win Portia's hand in marriage.

The caskets are made of gold, silver, and lead. When the first suitor, the Prince of

Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development - New York Essays