Tweet In the context of learning, intrinsic motivation is motivation that stems not from external factors like grades and status, but rather from genuine interest and ambition. Like altruism, it assumes no reward. But — like altruism — it is difficult to corroborate.
In view of that, they should hold ALL their students to high expectations. Tenets of This We Believe addressed: Curriculum is challenging, exploratory, integrative, and relevant. Student confidence can promote positive attitudes and behaviors that motivate students to tackle challenging learning activities National Middle School Association, Drawing on up-to-date information and research studies, particularly, those investigating the effect setting high expectations has on the motivation of middle school students, will be useful and meaningful to middle school teachers and leaders of departments.
As teachers gain knowledge of what factors motivate students and how setting high expectations help students stay motivated, they will be better able to create a classroom environment that increases motivation.
Department of Education, Department of Education conducted a study of effective school programs and identified several essential characteristics of successful programs. Among them was setting high expectations for all students.
Thus, it is essential for teachers to set high expectations for all their students and expect students to reach these standards.
Setting high standards and providing opportunities for students to be successful may be the catalyst needed for increasing student motivation. In fact, setting high expectations may give rise to the Pygmalion Effect, which may change student behavior. The Pygmalion Effect asserts that students who are expected to perform well usually do so, and students of whom teachers have lower expectations will generally not perform as well.
Educational research Lumsden,has also shown that when high expectations and supportive classroom environments are established to achieve these expectations, academic success is evident.
Supportive classrooms environments provide students with specific short term goals and challenging, yet achievable tasks. By setting and communicating high performance expectations in supportive environments, teachers can motivate students to engage in their own learning.
According to Lumsdenteachers who maintain high expectations and make relevant connections with a curriculum that is worth learning foster a love for learning.
Motivation Research on student motivation is abundant e. Many scholars involved in the educational field have defined the term motivation. Malikow claimed, "Motivation is more easily defined than understood" p. He continued, "Knowing the definition of motivation and appreciating its complexity are necessary but insufficient for the work of teaching.
Teachers also must explore how these concepts apply to their own motivation [to teach] and that of their students [to learn]" p. In education, theorists e. According to Ryan and Deci intrinsic motivation refers to doing something because it is inherently interesting or enjoyable, while extrinsic motivation refers to doing something because it leads to an independent outcome.
Intrinsic motivation occurs when people are internally motivated to do something because it either brings them pleasure, they think it is important, or they feel that what they are learning is significant to reach a goal or other desired outcome.
Students exhibit intrinsic motivation when they have a desire to learn or participate in an activity purely because they need to know more about something Wilson, Intrinsic motivation involves the learning of a concept for the sake of learning, purely to gain some knowledge.
Extrinsic motivation, in contrast, comes into play when a student is compelled to do something or participate in an activity because of some type of tangible reward e.
Students are extrinsically motivated when they undertake a task purely for the sake of attaining a reward or for avoiding punishment Dev, Cameron called extrinsic versus intrinsic motivation a "hotbed for debate" p.
According to Murdock, Anderman, and Hodgein no other subject is motivation more important than in mathematics.
Low motivation was among a variety of factors found to contribute to the poor performance of U. This is particularly important for middle school students because during their middle school years many students disengage in school. When students turn away from school, they are less likely to take courses aligned with preparing them for college, and thus their futures can be profoundly affected Balfanz, ; Sowder, Research has shown that students who experience academic failure in middle school have a high likelihood of never graduating from high school.
The middle school years are critical for the growth of young adolescents and for the development of their self-esteem and motivation to succeed. Student motivation plays an important role in determining what is learned and when learning takes place, thus, being able to motivate and engage learners is of vital importance for any teacher.
Some possess high levels and others have very low levels of motivation. In fact, each student has his or her own innate individual level of motivation. Students also have their own special and particular way of understanding or interpreting their personal motivational drive.
Hence, it is imperative that teachers become familiar with what motivates each student and how to enhance the motivational level of their students. However, educating every child has proven to be a challenge for both novice and experienced teachers.Creating the Conditions for Student Motivation To inspire intrinsic motivation as a daily part of education, schools must nurture the conditions for student growth through autonomy, competence, relatedness, and relevance.
1 Creating Intrinsic Motivation to Read in Middle School Students Hallie S. Antweil. Sixth Grade English Teacher. Sartartia Middle School. Abstract.
Strategies to Build Intrinsic Motivation Encouraging student commitment ultimately brings better results than the external motivations of reward or punishment. These seven self-persuasion strategies will get you started. motivation, and participation in an after-school program contributed to the academic achievement of Latino middle school students over the course of one school year.
Davis and Forbes | Doing the Impossible: Motivating Middle School Students. page. Voices from the Middle, Volume 23 Number 4, May discussion with each student as they are writing.
include student motivation and achievement in middle school students. Stacy Duffield is a professor in the School of Education at North Dakota State University.