Hofstadter proposes that, while most historians have made political conflict central to political history, political consensus on a dominant free market ideology better defines the political history of America.
The footage also shows a student protest demonstration at Alameda County Courthouse, Oakland, California. Black Panther Party leaders Huey P. NewtonEldridge Cleaverand Bobby Seale spoke on a point program they wanted from the administration which was to include full employment, decent housing and education, an end to police brutality, and blacks to be exempt from the military.
Black Panther Party members are shown as they marched in uniform. Students at rally marched, sang, clapped hands, and carried protest signs. Police in riot gear controlled marchers.
As the wartime jobs which drew much of the black migration "fled to the suburbs along with white residents", the black population was concentrated in poor "urban ghettos" with high unemployment, and substandard housing, mostly excluded from political representation, top universities, and the middle class.
Insurgent civil rights practices proved incapable of redressing these conditions, and the organizations that had "led much of the nonviolent civil disobedience" such as SNCC and CORE went into decline. In formulating a new politics, they drew on their experiences working with a variety of Black Power organizations.
After the police killed Matthew Johnson, an unarmed young black man in San Francisco, Newton observed the violent rebellion that followed. He had an epiphany that would distinguish the Black Panther Party from the multitude of organizations seeking to build Black Power.
Newton saw the explosive rebellious anger of the ghetto as a force, and believed that if he could stand up to the police, he could organize that force into political power. Inspired by Robert F. Like the Community Alert Patrol in Los Angeles after the Watts Rebellionhe decided to organize patrols to follow the police around to monitor for incidents of brutality.
But with a crucial difference: According to Bobby Seale, they would "sell the books, make the money, buy the guns, and go on the streets with the guns. We'll protect a mother, protect a brother, and protect the community from the racist cops.
Newton standing in the street, armed with a Colt. The BPP is founded. A few months later, they began their first "police" patrols.
Black Community News Service. BPP members serve as security escorts for Betty Shabazz. Denzil Dowell protest in Richmond. Thirty people representing the BPP go to state capitol with guns, and achieve the Party's first national media attention.
Oakland patrols of police The initial tactic of the party utilized contemporary open-carry gun laws to protect Party members when policing the police. This act was done in order to record incidents of police brutality by distantly following police cars around neighborhoods.
The Panthers employed a California law that permitted carrying a loaded rifle or shotgun as long as it was publicly displayed and pointed at no one. For example, chants like "The Revolution has come, it's time to pick up the gun.
Rallies in Richmond, California The black community of Richmond, Californiawanted protection against police brutality. On May 2,the California State Assembly Committee on Criminal Procedure was scheduled to convene to discuss what was known as the " Mulford Act ", which would make the public carrying of loaded firearms illegal.
Eldridge Cleaver and Newton put together a plan to send a group of 26 armed Panthers led by Seale from Oakland to Sacramento to protest the bill. The group entered the assembly carrying their weapons, an incident which was widely publicized, and which prompted police to arrest Seale and five others.
The group pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges of disrupting a legislative session. In Maythe Panthers invaded the State Assembly Chamber in Sacramentoguns in hand, in what appears to have been a publicity stunt. Still, they scared a lot of important people that day.General Essay Writing.
Writing an effective essay is about more than just the words you use.
No matter how well-spelled or elegantly combined the words you use are, to be able to effectively communicate your essays you must also follow a few simple guidelines regarding structure and organization. "[Mythologies] illustrates the beautiful generosity of Barthes's progressive interest in the meaning (his word is signification) of practically everything around him, not only the books and paintings of high art, but also the slogans, trivia, toys, food, and popular rituals (cruises, striptease, eating, wrestling matches) of contemporary life.
ABSTRACT: In the history of the mankind, the need of resources was the most important factor for political, technological, economic, social evolutions. In the history of the mankind, the need of resources was the most important factor for political, technological, economic, social evolutions. In modern times need of energy resources become more significant than other industries who were more important during the past like the production of wood.
Dunia P. Zongwe is an author, academic and a consultant. He writes and specializes in the areas of international finance and human rights, focusing on Africa. Mr. Zongwe was educated at the University of Namibia, Université de Montréal and Cornell University, where he .
When you write a persuasive essay, it's important to think about how you'll construct your argument, from how you'll arrange your major points to .