When The Mermaids Cry: Introduction The world population is living, working, vacationing, increasingly conglomerating along the coasts, and standing on the front row of the greatest, most unprecedented, plastic waste tide ever faced. For more than 50 years, global production and consumption of plastics have continued to rise.
Plowden and the Primary Curriculum: You are welcome to download it and print it for your own personal use, or for use in a school or other educational establishment, provided my name as the author is attached.
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If you do so, please acknowledge it thus: Gillard D Plowden and the Primary Curriculum: In this article, written on the twentieth anniversary of the report's publication, I assess the impact Plowden had had on primary education in England.
The translation into Welsh occupied four professors for nine months and sold 26 copies. There had not been a thorough review of primary education since the publication of the Hadow Report The Primary School. Of her committee, Lady Plowden has said: Some of us were professionals, a few of us were not.
We were guided in our enquiries by HMIs who directed us to those parts of the country where what they considered the best practice was taking place Plowden Maurice Kogan's view is that 'Plowden's membership and terms of reference were a product of the optimism and belief in social engineering of its time' Kogan Its wide-ranging membership was expected to pass judgement critically and professionally.
The psychological basis of the report Chapter 2 of the report The children, their growth and development is based firmly in Piagetian theory.
This is hardly surprising as 'during the s this work by Piaget and his colleagues was at the peak of its influence.
It was very widely known and very widely accepted' Donaldson The chapter begins with what might be said to be the centre of the whole report: It goes on to describe Piaget's theory of developmental sequence, that is 'events which are fixed in their order but varying in the age at which the sequence begins' Plowden It suggests a 'developmental age' which applies physically and to motor development 'and it is highly probable they also apply to emotional and intellectual development' Plowden Piaget's four sequential stages in intellectual development sensori-motor, intuitive thought, concrete operations, formal operations are the basis of such statements as 'a child cannot read without having learned to discriminate shapes' Plowden This is a theme I shall return to later, but it is important at this stage to recognise its grounding in the psychological basis of the report.
The chapter also deals with testing - in particular, the question of IQ scores. While it does not dismiss them out of hand, it does warn that 'IQ scores Judgements which determine careers should be deferred as long as possible' Plowden How has the psychological basis of the report stood up over the past twenty years?
Kathy Sylva is not entirely convinced. She acknowledges that the idea of children learning by their own active efforts comes from Piaget but suggests that 'what the authors of the report suggested was the notion that teachers could and should facilitate constructive learning through everyday classroom practice' Halsey and Sylva She points out, too, that over the past decade there has been 'a gradual lessening Her view is shared by Margaret Donaldson.
Curriculum development - Plowden and beyond The Plowden Committee applauded the curriculum freedom which teachers had had in increasing measure since the ending of, first, the payment by results system in and, later, the Elementary Code in However, it was not entirely convinced that schools had made the most of this freedom.
The Committee's thrust in relation to the curriculum is clear: One of the main educational tasks of the primary school is to build on and strengthen children's intrinsic interest in learning and lead them to learn for themselves rather than from fear of disapproval or desire for praise Plowden The report's recurring themes are individual learning, flexibility in the curriculum, the use of the environment, learning by discovery and the importance of the evaluation of children's progress - teachers should 'not assume that only what is measurable is valuable' Plowden Have the Plowden Committee's views on the primary curriculum fared any better than its emphasis on Piagetian theory?
Certainly almost every document on the primary curriculum published since save the so-called 'Black Papers' and their ilk has echoes of Plowden in it to a greater or lesser extent.Education World, connecting educators to what works.
K education resources, lessons and news. Classroom strategies and innovation for teachers all over the world. ABSTRACT 'The Plowden Report has been misquoted, misunderstood, over-simplified, torn to shreds by academics and used by a few schools to justify some fairly mindless practice' (TES 6 March ).In this article, written on the twentieth anniversary of the report's publication, I assess the impact Plowden had had on primary education in England.
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