Studies have found that women differ from men not only in their emotional responses to stress, but also that acute and chronic stress may take a greater toll on womens' physical and mental health.
This pattern is seen in countries around the worldincluding the United States. Cross-national and cross-cultural studies have indicated that the prevalence of depression among women is higher at any given time than among men. This pattern does not seem to have many exceptions. Biological differences between men and women, like hormonesexplain part of it.
These are examples of sex differences. But social factors between men and women gender differences may play a bigger role. For instance, women, in general, experience more stress than men, and research has shown that social stress is a main cause of depression. Why are more women depressed than men?
Researchers have defined stress as any major changes to the status quo existing balance that may potentially cause mental or emotional strain or tension.
These stressful life events can include marriage, divorce, separation, marital reconciliation, personal injury or illness, dismissal from work or retirement. Men are more likely to have depressive episodes following work difficulties, divorce and separation.
Women, on the other hand, are more sensitive to conflict, serious illness or death happening in their close social network. In fact, research suggests that most of the stressful events that cause depression among women are related to their close social network, such as romantic and marital relationships, child-rearing and parenting.
And at least one study suggests that this explains the gender difference in the prevalence of depression. Rumination can make stress worse, and unfortunately, it is more common among women. These findings suggest that psychosocial causes of depression may be at least partially gender-specific, and that these disparities are rooted in different life conditions — social inequalities — that men and women experience.
And, in general, women tend to experience greater social inequality and social stress, and therefore depression, than men. The gender gap in depression is largest in countries with highest gender inequalities.
Gender difference in burden of depression is highest in the countries where women and men differ more in access to resources and social equity.
And that, oddly, might explain why men might be more susceptible to the depression-inducing effects of stress. In fact, men are more susceptible to the depression-inducing effects of each additional stressor over long-term periods.
We looked at data from a nationally representative study that examined how psychological factors affect physical and mental health of individuals over time. We studied the effects of stressful life events men and women reported at the beginning of the study to their rates of depression 25 years later.
We found that the effect of each life stressor on the risk of clinical depression was 50 percent stronger for men than women.
These findings correspond with a study we published in late that showed white men may be most vulnerable to the effect of stress on depressionpossibly because they have a lower exposure to stress compared to any other demographic group. In other words, people who cope with stress all the time can get used to it.
So the social group exposed to the lowest stressors living the most privileged life may at the same time be most vulnerable to each additional stressor. They have not learned to cope with stress as effectively as those who experience it more.The Effects of Stress on Your Body.
this effect doesn’t last. If stress continues for a long time, a man’s testosterone levels can begin to drop. For women, stress . Difference Effect of Stress on Male and Female Students The level of stress is both different among mal e and females students (Amr, El Gilany, & El-Hawary, ).
a study of workplace stress among working women- the cause and effect analysis mrs lina sadekar, mrs shami pai, assistant professors, vvm’s shree damodar college of commerce and economics, margao goa.
Aging and Stress.
By Chris Woolston, M.S. exercise can actually help block the effects of aging on cortisol levels. A recent study published in Psychoneuroendocrinology found that physically fit women in their mids had essentially the same response to stress as a group of unfit women in their late 20s.
In contrast, women in their mids. The prevalence of stress in the study was higher among the female students compared to their male counterparts but other studies have shown that the gender differences in specific stress symptoms and overall prevalence or mean scores of stress were scarce and did not turn out to be a significant factor in reporting of stress (12,23,24).
The effects of stress on your body can cause both mental and physical conditions, and can put your health at risk. Constant stress can increase your risk for long-term health issues like heart.